Flexible Pavements vs Rigid Pavements

flexible vs rigid pavements

It can be said that there are only a few places in the world that do not enjoy the benefits of pavements. The presence of paved roads is a sign that a country or nation is growing and is competing on a global scale. However, before a road can be paved, every decision maker must go through the two deciding factors of having one constructed which are vehicle traffic and human traffic. Having this in mind, they can then decide to whether have a flexible pavement or a rigid pavement.

 

Flexible Pavements

These are the type of pavements that are mixed with bituminous surface treatment (BST) or an asphaltic mixture. Flexible roads are usually constructed in different layers to allow the pavement to “flex” as heavy vehicle passes over it. It is for its ability to flex that this type of pavement is called “Flexible”. This makes it great for high ways and busy traffic areas. Flexible pavement has the ability to distribute the weight of a heavy truck to the lower layers of the pavement making the pavement very suitable for huge freeways and highways. Because the upper layer of the pavement is the one receiving most of the stress, it is required that this part of the pavement is made of high-quality materials. On the one hand, the layers underneath, as they don’t receive most of the stress, can be made of lesser-grade materials.

 

Rigid Pavements

If flexible pavements are made of BST or asphaltic mixture, rigid pavements are primarily made of reinforced concrete slabs or Portland Cement Concrete (PCC). This type of pavement is stiffer in comparison to the previous type. Because it is stiffer, it does not offer a lot of bendability or flexibility. It is also not constructed in as much layers as of the flexible pavement. It usually only has two levels which are the rigid pavement surface and the subgrade. The concrete is reinforced with steel. The use of steel can eliminate or reduce joints.

 

Differences of Flexible and Rigid Pavements

Flexible Pavement Rigid Pavement
Has several layers with the high quality material on top or near the surface of the pavement Only has one layer above the soil bed. The layer is made of PCC or its equivalent.
The weight is distributed in a small area to the lower layers of the pavement The weight is distributed on the wide subgrade area because of its rigidity
The design is based on its ability to flex and distribute weight The design is based on its flexural strength
The stability is dependent on its aggregate interlock, cohesion, and grain-to-grain friction The stability is provided by the pavement itself
Temperature changes do not stress flexible pavements in a great manner Temperature changes stresses rigid pavements greatly
Flexible pavements can self-heal to some extent even when a heavy wheel load passes over it because of its flexibility Damages because of heavy wheel loads may not be recoverable. Damages are permanent and will need immediate repair

For your paving needs, visit Estates Paving.

Home Improvement: Energy Efficient Home

energy efficient home

Home improvement to make the house look more appealing and more beautiful both in the exterior and interior is probably the most common reason why homeowners decide to plan for different home improvement projects. However, there are also home improvement projects that will not only make your house look new but be more energy efficient. This means saving money on your utility bills, especially on electricity. Here are some tips that you can try to make your home energy efficient.

 

  1. Proper insulation is key. Adding new insulation or using caulking and weather stripping would make a huge difference in terms keeping your home warm during winter and keeping your home cool during summer. Proper insulation would keep cold drafts of air that came in through the leaks of your windows or doors inside your house to keep it cool in the summer. Same thing goes with warm air during the winter. This means that you won’t have to spend so much on your heater or air conditioner in these seasons, saving money in the process.
  1. Say goodbye to your old appliances. Keeping your old appliances is a big no-no, especially when you want to save money on your electricity bill. More often than not, old appliances consume more energy than those that have just come out in the market. You may need to spend some money to buy new appliances, but in the long run, you will also be saving money because these new appliances are more energy efficient. If you still have your old refrigerator, which you bought 15 years ago, it is time to get rid of it and get a new one. For sure, you will be happier getting a new one not just because it is more energy efficient, but also it has more features and looks better than your old one.
  1. Use energy efficient lightings. If you currently are using incandescent bulbs in your home, it is time to consider replacing all of them or some of it to energy efficient lights. When buying these new bulbs, you may think that you are spending more on it because of its price tag. However, you will benefit from it because it lasts 8-12 times longer than the ones that you are using. This means that you won’t have to buy replacements as often with fluorescent bulbs. This, in turn, will save you some money, which you can use for other expenses.
  1. Upgrade your furnace. If you are living in a region where cold weather becomes second nature, having a furnace is a must. If you already have an existing furnace, you might want to consider upgrading it an energy-efficient furnace. High-efficiency furnace does not burn as much gas. It is also more environment-friendly because it does not emit as much carbon as the less efficient furnace. In addition to getting a high-efficiency furnace, you can add a programmable thermostat to your furnace. This will allow you to set a time for when your furnace should be off or on. This means that you can turn your furnace back on when you are back in your house, and turn it off when you are out of your house. Also cleaning air filters would be of great help. A clean air filter would make it easy for warm air to circulate inside your house making your furnace work for less.

 

Effective and Efficient Home Making Made Easy

home-making-tips

Unless you’re Martha Stewart or Rachel Ray, home making can be a big chore. Unfortunately, this isn’t something that you can put off for another day, or not do completely. The good news is that you can make keeping your home much easier; you just need to do it right. Below are some of the tips we have gathered from the pros who have been where you are right now. Read on and learn from them.

  1. There are times when your plans for the day fall apart and, most of the time, there is nothing you can do about it. To make things less hectic for you, make sure that you have a couple of go-to meal ideas that you can pull off in a jiffy, with all its ingredients right on your kitchen.
  2. Make it a habit to have at least an extra supply of things that you use often like mustard, ketchup, spaghetti sauce and a few others. Keep all of them in the same area and remember to stock up on them when there’s a good sale.
  3. It might seem obvious to keep all your bills together in one place, but many people still manage to replace a couple of theirs. This way, during payday, you just grab all your bills, sit down in your desk, and start your budgeting.
  4. Your kids can be of big help in home making. Get them to help in at least a couple of the chores at home. You can even get your toddlers to help, as it’s mostly in this stage where they are very excited to do adult stuff, constantly copying what mom and dad is doing.
  5. You might think that you’ll manage to properly clean your home during cleaning day, but there will always be times when you forget one thing that you need to get done. It helps to have a cleaning list for your home so everyone in your home knows what needs to be done.
  6. Learn at least one dessert that you will feel confident making and have its ingredients in your pantry all the time. Whether you’re attending a bake sale, a dinner party, a school party or just a simple dinner at home, you know you’ll be prepared with a nice treat at the end of the meal.

Home making is never easy, but there are ways for you to make it easier and more efficient. Hopefully, you’ve learned from some of the tips above. Of course, there are still so many out there, and you’ll definitely learn a few more as you along.

Turn Your House Into A Home With These Home Enhancement Tips

home-renovation

Doing your own home improvement projects does not have to be overwhelming. However, homeowners who have experience with improvement, fixing, and improving their houses know that a few suggestions and tricks can make a substantial difference and make things a little easier. Bear the following suggestions in mind to make sure everything goes right and nothing goes wrong when you embark on the task of doing some improvements on your house.

Taking great care of your house is as important as putting cash in your savings account regularly. Well maintained houses have higher resale value than those which require great deals of repair and maintenance. By keeping up with minor repairs, you will keep your home at it’s prime market price.

Plan thoroughly before you start any renovations. You need to allot time to get funding, home evaluation and more time to go over every part or room in the house to make sure you cover everything that might require repair.

If you do not know anything about home improvements, don’t be shy to go and ask your local home improvement shops. You will find that a lot are more than willing to give you tips and advice on home renovations.

Home enhancement costs frequently escalate when property owners fail to take into consideration whether or not they can live in the house while intensive construction is going on. If you cannot cook in your kitchen or bath in your restroom, you might end up spending on hotel accommodationg for a few nights or renting a temporary place which could add to your expenses.

A great house enhancement tip is to make sure the company you hired is legit. If a company doesn’t provide you a physical address and only carries out their business over the phone, this is a red flag and could imply that they’re not very trustworthy. Aim to hire a contractor that has a strong and proven track record in house construction.

When hiring a contractor to do renovations in your house, have a written agreement with terms that are clear to both parties. Make sure that any agreement you sign has your best interest at heart. An agreement that is written with an objective to protect you as the homeowner and client, is essential in providing you assurance and enabling you to enjoy your new house.

Prior to buying any materials for a house improvement project, you should check the prices on the internet and comparison them with prices at your local hardware. This is a great way for you to be certain that you are getting the most cost-effective price for the all materials that you need, instead of paying too much and wasting your money.

After the contruction work has ended up, do not pay in full yet until you are 100% happy with the work that was done. You can likewise make “progress payments,” which includes giving the professional small amounts of cash in specific increments throughout the task. Do not spend for work that you are not absolutely pleased with.

These basic pointers should give a different perspective on home improvement job, which hopefully will help you to determine what will work and won’t work in your house. Planning carefully and considering every details, no matter how small it may seem, will be a valuable skill as you acquire experience and take on more intricate home improvement tasks.